Akita L' Ombra della luna


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History Akita

Info Akita




The history of the Akita inu is long and a bit tormented too.
Its origins are ancient and start in the Akita region (prefecture, according to the Japanese geography), situated in the northern part of the Island of Honsu. Its name means Dog (inu) of Akita. Archeological excavations in the island brought to light skeletons and almost complete graffitos of dogs, very similar to the Akita, dating back to 3000 B.C. The Matagi inu is among its most important ancestors.
It lived in the VIII century in the Odate mountains and was used above all for the bear and wild boar hunting.
The most recent history dates back to the Edo Age (1616-1868) when a lot of mines of gold where discovered in Odate and the Akita dog turned into a good and watchful guardian.
In the following periods it had several functions.
It became the aristocracy’s dog and some Akita were kept for private apartments with servants.
Moreover this race was given the privilege to take part in the religious ceremonies and to attend official events.
It became acknowledged symbol of luck and health.
Unfortunately periods were not always so bright.
Due to the spread of dog-fights, the Akita courage was crossed with the strength of more impressive dogs, molossoidis, coming from the west, thus transforming it.
Later a rabies epidemic decimated most specimens.
In 1920, when they decided to care about the race once again, a commission examined the remaining subjects,
but they did not find the purity they looked for.
The care and recovery of the Akita then started.
In the 1931 Japanese Government included the Akita and other autochthonal dogs among the national treasures and its name became official and definitive.
A little later, another dark period started.
During the Second World War Akitas were almost exterminated to use their flesh as food and their coat for the production of warm clothes. Only a few of them, hidden by their owners in the country, were safe. During the first post-war dog-loving demonstration, in April 1948, some of the survived subjects took part in the Akita-show.
Two definite lines were created: the pure one (Ichinoseki) and the one originated by half-breeding (Dewa).
Some dogs of the latter were imported by American soldiers thus definining in the United States the breeding of the race which has been recently recognized as Great Japanese Dog in the F.C.I. countries.
In Japan instead the careful recovery of the race, considered pure, began.




1899, Emperor Taisho with hers dogs

    
1948*Goro-Maru          1948*Kongo-Go


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